Persian Rugs and Carpets

Persian carpets - exclusive rugs from "Thousand and One Nights"

Persian rugs originally came from the region within the borders of today's Islamic Republic of Iran - the former Persian Empire of Persia.

The name Persian carpet usually refers to a floral patterned carpet in bold colors.There are carpets from India, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Caucasus. In Western usage, the word Persian carpet has prevailed in the period since about 1900 for all oriental rug, even if it does not correctly describe the origin of the rugs.

One differentiates between Persian rugs between the mostly floral manufactory rugs, which are knotted in towns or villages, and graphically - geometrically patterned rugs, which are usually tied by nomads. The Persian carpets with rather elaborate patterns and fine weaving - often made of fine wool and silk - include Ghom Persian carpets, Isfahan Persian carpets, Tabriz Persian carpets, Kirman, Mesched, Keschan and Sarough / Sarouk. Carpets with geometric motifs come from Heriz, Shiraz, Hamadan, Malay, Nahavand, Belutchistan, Karaja and the Bakhtiari region. Persian nomadic rugs are made by the tribes of the Belutch, Gashgai, Shahsavan, Lori / Luri (Loribaft), Bakhtiari, Afshari, Turkmen and Kurds. Persian rugs usually have a basic fabric of cotton or silk, wool nomadic rugs. The carpet's wear layer, which is woven into the basic fabric - the pile - consists of fine wool carpets made of cork wool (original form of the young lamb) or new wool, sometimes combined with silk. In the city of Ghom, larger quantities of pure silk carpets are made.
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